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Near-Sightedness (Myopia)

What is nearsightedness (myopia)?

Myopia, or more commonly, nearsightedness, is a vision condition that affects your ability to see objects further away from you. You can see objects that are close to you clearly, but those further away are blurry.
 

Nearsightedness has the tendency to run in the family and may develop at various points in life; onset can occur slowly or swiftly.
 

What causes nearsightedness?

Nearsightedness is commonly caused by less than ideally shaped eyes or cornea. Light entering the eye should focus on the retina, if the shape of your eyes or cornea leads the light entering the eyes to focus in front of the retina, instead of on it, the image produced will be blurry.


What are some of the symptoms?

Do you have difficulty seeing objects at a distance? Do you persistently squint to try to make out those blurry objects? Do you find it difficult to see while driving, and more so at night?


You may be affected by nearsightedness.


 Common symptoms include:

  • Inability to see objects at a distance as the objects are blurry

  • Headaches induced by eye strain

  • Squinting eyes to clear see clearly and constant blinking

  • Difficulty seeing at night

 

How can near-sightedness be treated?

Nearsightedness can be diagnosed by a thorough eye exam from a professional optometrist. Your eye doctor may prescribe corrective lenses to improve your vision by helping your eyes focus light on your retina. Common corrective lenses are glasses or contact lenses.

Refractive surgery, such as LASIK, is also a treatment option that can be discussed with your doctor.