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What is presbyopia?
Presbyopia is a vision condition that occurs with age. It affects our ability to focus on near objects. This causes reading materials and close objects to be blurry.
What causes presbyopia?
The natural lens inside the eye loses flexibility as we age causing a decrease in our ability to focus on up close objects. Normally, when we focus on near objects, we accommodate to keep the image focused. The natural lens inside our eyes helps with this ability. However, over time, we lose the flexibility of lens. This usually happens by the time we reach our early to mid 40's.
What are some of the signs or symptoms?
Most people by the age of 50 need some sort of reading prescription. Early signs of presbyopia includes holding reading materials further and further towards arms' length in order to keep the text focused and clear. Your eyes may also feel fatigued or strained while reading small text upclose.
How can presbyopia be treated?
Presbyopia can be diagnosed by a thorough eye exam from an optometrist. Since everyone will eventually have presbyopia as we age, there are reading glasses that are available in stores to help relieve the symptoms. However, if you already have near-sightedness, far-sightedness, or astigmatism, your eye doctor will prescribe you proper corrective lenses to improve your vision at all distances. Common corrective lenses are glasses or contact lenses. Refractive surgery, such as LASIK, is also a treatment option that can be discussed with your doctor.