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Strabismis is also known as any misalignment of the eyes due to an eye muscle condition. This can result in double vision or suppression of the image from the affected eye. It is estimated that 5% of all children develop some degree of strabismus and that most of these children first show signs between birth and age 21 months. Children do not outgrow strabismus and a prompt visit to the optometrist can help correct the misalignment either by glasses correction, vision therapy, prisms, or in some cases a referral can be made to a pediatric ophthalmologist for surgical options.

Strabismic Amblyopia is usually caused by a crossed eye or one eye turning inwards, outwards, upwards, or downwards on straight gaze. The turned eye is not used by the brain since it is misaligned and this leads to deterioration or lack of vision development in that eye.